IBERIAN PENINSULA HAS THE MOST SPARSELY POPULATED REGION IN EU: MANY ABANDONED VILLAGES WITH ONLY ONE GUEST
The Celtiberian mountain range is the most disjointed territory of the EU; it is a mountain area, sparsely populated, rural and remote, where lives 1.63 people per square kilometer (lower density than that of Lapland or Siberia). The exodus began in the late 50s by a development policy promoted by Franco with booming cities and a little modernized and poor countryside. So the cause of depopulation was not natural, was political; highlighting the city and forgetting the villages. Spain tends to lose population (National Statics Institue), the only communities that gain population over the next 15 years will be Madrid, Canarias, Illes Balears, Murcia and Andalusia. And rural world face an endemic problem: while there is no generational change, the aging population simply dies. The lack of social services; education, transport and health are the major causes of rural exodus.
The European Union considers uninhabited a territory when it has less than eight inhabitants per square kilometer, a widespread matter in Spanish inlands and mountainous areas, below three people per square kilometer. It's a demographic desert which can be considered biologically dead. Since the 60s, full generations abandoned villages, there was no policy of balance, so there was a breakdown of the rural world that has not been recovered yet.
(2017) Dodho Magazine - Spain