IBERIAN PENINSULA HAS THE MOST SPARSELY POPULATED REGION IN EU: MANY ABANDONED VILLAGES WITH ONLY ONE GUEST
The European Union considers uninhabited a territory when it has less than eight inhabitants per square kilometer, a widespread matter in Spanish inlands and mountainous areas, below three people per square kilometer. It's a demographic desert which can be considered biologically dead. Since the 60s, full generations abandoned villages, there was no policy of balance, so there was a breakdown of the rural world that has not been recovered yet.
The Celtiberian mountain range is the most disjointed territory of the EU; it is a mountain area, sparsely populated, rural and remote, where lives 1.63 people per square kilometer (lower density than that of Lapland or Siberia). The exodus began in the late 50s by a development policy promoted by Franco with booming cities and a little modernized and poor countryside. So the cause of depopulation was not natural, was political; highlighting the city and forgetting the villages. Spain tends to lose population (National Statics Institue), the only communities that gain population over the next 15 years will be Madrid, Canarias, Illes Balears, Murcia and Andalusia. And rural world face an endemic problem: while there is no generational change, the aging population simply dies. The lack of social services; education, transport, employment and health are the major causes of rural exodus. Rural organisations see that much of what national and regional government do is heavily influenced by such international forces and policies, and they wish to influence those forces and policies on behalf of rural people. They are very aware of the lobbying power of other sectors – urban, industrial, commercial and environmental – and wish to raise the power and the voice of rural people to similar levels within the on-going global policy debate. In turn, they believe that pressure at international level may have impact on what national and regional governments do.
(2017) Viewfind - US